Gestalt Therapy is a form of experiential psychotherapy in which the client is encouraged to become aware of his/her emotions as they exist in the present moment. It does not ignore the clients past, but helps them view their past experiences through the lens of the present and see how these experiences are affecting them now. The idea is to avoid dwelling on the past or anxiously anticipating the future.
Instead of simply talking about past situations, clients are encouraged to experience them. Your therapist may experiment with dream work, guided fantasy, role-playing, re-enactment or confrontation. People discover feelings they may have suppressed or masked by other feelings and learn to accept and trust their emotions.
Through the gestalt process, clients learn to become more aware of how their own negative thought patterns and behaviors are blocking true self-awareness and making them unhappy.
Your goal, as you become more aware of yourself and your senses, is to take more responsibility for yourself, accept the consequences of your behavior, and learn to satisfy your own needs while still respecting the needs of others.
Generally speaking, the overall purpose is to help clients develop an awareness of their thoughts, emotions, and perceptions, and to understand how these impact their actions and behaviors. Leading to healthier reactions and more conscious and thoughtful action.